List of Most Influential People in History, List of Highly Effective People

List of Most Influential People in History, List of Highly Effective People

The 100: A Ranking of the Most Influential Persons in History is a 1978 book by Michael H. Hart, reprinted in 1992 with revisions. It is a ranking of the 100 people who, according to Hart, most influenced human history.

The first person on Hart’s list is the Islamic prophet Muhammad. Hart asserted that Muhammad was “supremely successful” in both the religious and secular realms. He also believed that Muhammad’s role in the development of Islam was far more influential than Jesus’ collaboration in the development of Christianity. He attributes the development of Christianity to St. Paul, who played a pivotal role in its dissemination.

The 1992 revisions included the demotion of figures associated with Communism, such as Vladimir Lenin and Mao Zedong, and the introduction of Mikhail Gorbachev. Hart took sides in the Shakespearean authorship issue and substituted Edward de Vere, 17th Earl of Oxford for William Shakespeare. Hart also substituted Niels Bohrand Henri Becquerel with Ernest Rutherford, thus correcting an error in the first edition. Henry Ford was also promoted from the “Honorary Mentions” list, replacing Pablo Picasso. Finally, some of the rankings were re-ordered, although no one listed in the top ten changed position.

Hart wrote another book in 1999, entitled A View from the Year 3000, voiced in the perspective of a person from that future year and ranking the most influential people in history. Roughly half of those entries are fictional people from 2000–3000, but the remainder are actual people. These were taken mostly from the 1992 edition, with some re-ranking of order:

Rank Name Influence

Prophet Muhammad (c. 570–632)

The central human figure of Islam, regarded by Muslims as the last messenger and prophet of God. Active as a social reformer, diplomat, humanitarian, philanthropist, merchant, philosopher, orator, legislator, and military leader.

Sir Isaac Newton (1643–1727)

English physicist, mathematician, astronomer, natural philosopher, alchemist, and theologian. His law of universal gravitation and three laws of motion laid the groundwork for classical mechanics.

Jesus Christ (7–2 BC – AD 26–36)

The central figure of Christianity, revered by Christians as the Son of God and the incarnation of God. Also regarded as a major prophet in Islam.

Gautama Buddha (563 BC–483 BC)

Spiritual teacher and philosopher from ancient India. Founder of Buddhism and is also considered an Avatar of Vishnu in Hinduism.

Confucius (551 BC–479 BC)

Chinese thinker and social philosopher, whose teachings and philosophy have deeply influenced Chinese, Korean, Japanese, Vietnamese and Indonesianthought and life. Founded Confucianism, and influenced Neo-Confucianismand New Confucianism.

St. Paul the Apostle of Tarsus (5–67)

One of the most notable of early Christian missionaries, credited withproselytizing and spreading Christianity outside of Palestine (mainly to theRomans) and author of numerous letters of the New Testament of the Bible.

Cài Lún (50–121)

Widely regarded as the inventor of paper and the papermaking process.

Johannes Gutenberg (1398–1468)

German printer who invented the mechanical printing press.

Christopher Columbus (1451–1506)

Italian navigator, colonizer and explorer whose voyages led to generalEuropean awareness of the American continents.

Albert Einstein (1879–1955)

German theoretical physicist, best known for his theory of relativity and specifically mass–energy equivalence, expressed by the equation Emc2.
This entry was posted in Albert Einstein, Cài Lún, Child Education, Child Learning, Children, Christopher Columbus, Confucius, Gautama Buddha, History, Influential, Jesus Christ, Johannes Gutenberg, Kids Learning, Michael H Hart, People, Prophet Muhammad, Self Improvement, Sir Isaac Newton, St. Paul the Apostle of Tarsus and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

2 Responses to List of Most Influential People in History, List of Highly Effective People

  1. Nicson Micheal says:

    He, who give the life to dead, How does it possible to rank him at 3rd No. That is astonishing….?

  2. Destinee Gilliam says:

    Excuse me for not understanding how Newton is more Important than Jesus Christ Himself. Mr. Died on the cross for me and you, but okay I guess having died and then ressurected to then assend into heaven makes him third place. -__-

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